The recipient of the 2008 Quaqua Protégé is Tim Tebow of St. Augustine, Florida. Congratulations Tim!

Photo: Candy Cane Ball, December 2008The Quaqua Society sponsored a Candy Cane Ball on December 22, 2008. The event was held at the Sundance Ski Resort in Utah, in conjunction with the effort to launch a spin-off new non-profit organization tentatively called “LeadersthruLiteracy.”

To put on the event, Daniel E. Witte teamed up with Joanna Larsen, an actress and singer who was formerly a first runner-up to Miss Utah 1999 and Miss National Sweetheart 1999. She was also a former Miss Utah Valley and Miss Utah County. Among the many others lending a hand to put on the event were Tasha Smedley, the reigning 2008 Miss Utah Teen USA®, and some members of the NuSkin Jazz Dancers squad.

LeadersthruLiteracy promotes the placement of books and educational materials with children of underprivileged status around the world. This effort endorses the concept of family literacy, the creating of personal libraries, and the developing of character leadership through reading. Students of all backgrounds—alternative educators, students at government schools, and children not currently receiving any structured education—will all be eligible.

Photo: Candy Cane Ball, December 2008 “LeadersthruLiteracy is designed to use family-based approaches to meet a global need that is extremely urgent, but one we felt that the Quaqua Society itself could not adequately address on a significant scale without diluting Quaqua’s unique focus on the needs of alternative educators,” said Witte. Witte designed Quaqua as a “font of ideas” with the capability to generate “spin-off” charitable organizations as circumstances warranted—including some concepts with applications beyond alternative education.

This year LeadersthruLiteracy is just beginning to ramp up operations, so current activities and fundraising are under the auspices of an existing umbrella organization, the Quaqua Society. All funds donated toward the LeadersthruLiteracy initiative will be applied for that purpose and not toward various other programs sponsored by Quaqua. In order to maximize the amount of funds benefitting needy recipients, LeadersthruLiteracy and Quaqua Society currently utilize unpaid volunteers on an exclusive basis, not paid employees or professional fundraisers.

It is anticipated that LeadersthruLiteracy will soon develop into an entirely separate, self-sustaining charitable organization. As soon as LeadersthruLiteracy secures its own tax-exempt non-profit 50(c)(3) legal status, Quaqua will withdraw its temporary organizational sponsorship. An informational already under construction.

Any interest in direct volunteer involvement should be directed to Quaqua will continue accepting LeadersthruLiteracy donations until LeadersthruLiteracy secures its own tax-exempt, non-profit, charitable 501(c)(3) legal status. In order to ensure proper account crediting and tax deduction, please use the notation “Quaqua Society Inc. – LeadersthruLiteracy” in connection with all contributions made with personal checks and other forms of payment. Personal checks may be mailed to:

Quaqua Society, Incorporated
Attn: LeadersthruLiteracy
P.O. Box 112402
Salt Lake City, Utah

Daniel E. Witte recently teamed up with the Sutherland Institute and nineteen other organizations fighting as a coalition for the parental rights of home educators before a panel of the California Second District Court of Appeals.

In a landmark victory for the parental rights of home educators, the Court agreed to reconsider, vacate, and reverse its February 28, 2008 opinion determining that all California home educators may be found guilty of a crime, fined, ordered to complete parent education, subjected to involuntary counseling, and deprived of legal parental control over their children.

“The vacated opinion had erroneously announced that the ‘sincerely held religious beliefs’ of Evangelical Christians were irrelevant by asserting ‘the educational program of the State of California was designed to promote the general welfare of all the people and was not designed to accommodate the personal ideas of any individual in the field of education,’" noted Daniel E. Witte, leading attorney for the Sutherland Institute. “Justice H. Walter Croskey further asserted that home-educated children needed firm government training to assure ‘knowledge and intelligence’ and ‘good citizenship, patriotism, and loyalty to the state.’”

Sutherland’s brief uniquely focused on the historical evolution of the Parental Liberty Doctrine and includes in its appendix, "Removing Classrooms from the Battlefield: Liberty, Paternalism, and the Redemptive Promise of Educational Choice," 2008 BYU Law Review. The new peer-reviewed article traces Justice Croskey’s reasoning back to an unfortunate Know-Nothing political party resolution successfully introduced by Major Richard Henry Pratt in 1899.

The recently-published article also described a federal policy of dissolving Native American households, rounding up Native American children into military forts, and then relocating the children to government schools and work programs modeled after Richard Henry Pratt’s innovations for "civilizing" minority populations at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida.

On August 8, 2008, the California Second District Court of Appeals reversed its previous opinion of February 28, 2008, that had erroneously announced that home education was illegal and constitutionally unprotected in California. As of August 8, 2008, California home educators are once again protected from wholesale criminal prosecution, fines, involuntary counseling, and termination of parental rights.

Daniel E. Witte, lead attorney for Sutherland's effort, noted the new opinion took the same positions advocated in Sutherland's amicus curiae brief. "The Court is no longer asserting that 'the educational program of the State of California...was not designed to accommodate the personal [or religious] ideas of any individual in the field of education.'" In addition, Witte noted, "the Court opted for judicial restraint and deferred to the policy determinations expressed in favor of home education by the California Legislature, Attorney General, and Governor."

The Court also conceded that "[i]f home schools are not permitted in California unless...[by a credentialed tutor], this [construction of the statutory scheme] raises difficult constitutional questions" that would be best avoided by a plausible contrary statutory interpretation. Moreover, the Court indicated, parental interests under the Parental Liberty Doctrine are to be weighed with the "strict scrutiny" test, under which state interference must be "narrowly tailored" to achieve a "compelling state interest." Witte observed, "From Sutherland’s perspective and apparently the coalition’s perspective as a whole, this new opinion is a very positive step forward."

The Quaqua Society did not directly participate in the litigation, or provide funding for any amicus effort, as such activity usually falls outside Quaqua’s organizational mandate. However, consistent with its ongoing role as a public information resource about the history and law of home education, Quaqua did have an indirect and uncompensated role in the litigation. Some amicus briefs in the Rachel L. case—like other litigation and legislative efforts across around the world—drew heavily and freely from Quaqua’s non-profit legal and historical web resources.

Because of the profound threat to home education posed by the effort to effectively ban such activity in California, Daniel E. Witte took a hiatus from Quaqua operations in order to devote more time to writing his new “Removing Classrooms from the Battlefield” law review article and the Sutherland brief for the Rachel L. litigation.

“California is an influential jurisdiction that also has direct control over a large number of home educators,” said Witte. “In addition, Rachel L. represented the first serious effort to totally ban home education in an American jurisdiction for many years.”

"The modern incarnation of Pratt’s paradigm poses a grave and ongoing threat to the religious liberty and parental rights of Mormons, Evangelical Christians, Catholics, Native Americans, Hispanics, African Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and numerous other demographic minorities," Witte noted.

Click here to read the Court's August 8, 2008 opinion. Click here to read Sutherland Institute's amicus brief. The brief's appendix includes the Daniel Witte and Paul T. Mero law review article, "Removing Classrooms from the Battlefield: Liberty, Paternalism, and the Redemptive Promise of Educational Choice," 2008 BYU Law Review 377, the full text of which can be found here and here.

# # #

In addition to the Sutherland Institute, others filing a brief in support of the parents included the Attorney General and Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger of California; the California Superintendent of Public Instruction; a joint effort from California Homeschool Network, Homeschool Association of California and Christian Home Educators of California; Pacific Justice Institute; Alliance Defense Fund; Pacific Legal Foundation; National Legal Foundation; Liberty Counsel on behalf of 13 members of Congress; Gifted Homeschoolers Forum, et al; Seventh Day Adventist Church State Council; Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence (including noted law professors David Llewellyn, John Eastman, and Erwin Chemerinsky); American Center for Law and Justice; The Western Center for Law and Policy; and the Home School Legal Defense Association. Oral argument was held on June 23, 2008.

"Liberty, Paternalism…" is a companion to Vouchers, Vows, and Vexations: The Historical Dilemma over Utah’s Education Identity (2007). Vouchers draws heavily upon commentary and research originally posted to Quaqua's website.


The 2007 Quaqua Protégé is Matthew du Mée of Phoenix, Arizona. Congratulations Matthew!


The recipient of the 2006 Quaqua Protégé is Joseph Byron Lambert of Temecula, California. Congratulations Joseph!

The recipients of the 2006 Quaqua Elijah Award are Rose Friedman and her late husband, Dr. Milton Friedman. The Friedmans are honored for their profound pioneering contribution to the world-wide intellectual, economic, and political movement seeking educational choice and alternative education. Congratulations!


The Quaqua Society is honoring Caroline Cook Ball and her late husband, William Bentley Ball, Esq., along with Joseph G. Skelly, in conjunction with the 2005 Elijah Award, for their respective roles in helping to litigate the landmark case Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972), and to otherwise advance the interests of the alternative education community. Yoder changed the legal landscape for alternative education and enabled the subsequent modern home education movement to prosper in the United States.

In addition, Caroline Ball, Joe Skelly, and Joe's wife, Sheila Petulla Skelly, all continue to make ongoing contributions through service to their community.

The recipient of the 2005 Quaqua Protege Award is Michael Viscardi of San Diego, California. Congratulations Michael!


Photo: Governor Jon Huntsman signs home-education reform into lawIn activities conducted as a private citizen and not as an officer of the Quaqua Society, Daniel E. Witte recently helped draft and/or otherwise obtain enactment of various statutes signed into law by the Governor of the State of Utah.

These laws included 53A-11-102 (2) (forbidding the State Board of Education from requiring home educators to keep records of instruction or attendance, to have any particular teaching or educational credentials, to allow any inspection of the home educators¹ homes, or submit to any mandatory testing); 62A-4a-201 (requiring all child welfare statutes to be interpreted and applied consistent with the Parental Liberty Doctrine); 62A-4a-414 (requiring interview evidence collected from children by social workers to be videotaped to be admissible in court); 78-3a-102(g) (requiring juvenile courts to protect a minor¹s best interest by acting to strengthen family ties wherever consistent with the ends of justice); 78-3a-912 (1)(a-c) and 78-3a-912 (5)(b) (curtailing guardian ad litem abuse and ending the presumption that parent and child have opposing interests). Utah has regained its status as one of the most friendly and progressive home-education jurisdictions in the entire United States.

Witte will continue to work for further reform, and has appeared in videos and on television to do so. Please note, however, that Witte does all such advocacy as a private citizen or in cooperation with other organizations. Although Quaqua resources educate the public generally and are frequently accessed online by attorneys, academics, and public officials, Quaqua resources and the Quaqua imprimatur are not used in connection with any specific legislation in any jurisdiction.

As always, Quaqua participants are not required to support Witte's legislative proposals for reform in order to receive Quaqua opportunities or awards.

The recipient of the 2004 Quaqua Protege is Crystal Senko of Port Orange, Florida. Congratulations Crystal!


John Taylor Gatto and Janet MacAdam Gatto receive Elijah Award

The Quaqua Society is pleased to honor John and Janet Gatto with the 2004 Quaqua Elijah Award, to recognize their study of the relationship between home education, the history of religious and ethnic discrimination, the Industrial Revolution, the history of Massachusetts, and the pedagogical theories of early government-school advocates. An understanding of these interrelationships is central to an accurate appreciation of the history of education.

The awards presentation was hosted by the Separation of School and State Alliance (SEPCON), Omni-Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D.C. November 20-23, 2004. John GattoÌs remarks in accepting the Quaqua Elijah Award can be found here.

Daniel E. Witte recently drafted new reform legislation for the State of Utah. Some aspects of the law were designed to reduce civil rights abuses by social workers against Utah alternative educators. His sweeping proposals included clarifications for the definition of child "abuse," procedural rights for accused parents, legal assistance and a jury right for parents who face custody termination proceedings, clarificaton of criminal "failure-to-report" laws, and a requirement that government officials videotape child "confessions" or "accusations" before such comments can be admitted in court against parents.

Many aspects of Witte's proposals passed this year in Utah, although often in modified form. Witte will continue to work for further reform, and has appeared in videos and on television to do so. Please note, however, that Witte does all such advocacy as a private citizen or in cooperation with other organizations. Although Quaqua resources educate the public generally and are frequently accessed online by attorneys, academics, and public officials, Quaqua resources and the Quaqua imprimatur are not used in connection with any specific legislation in any jurisdiction.

As always, Quaqua participants are not required to support Witte's legislative proposals for reform in order to receive Quaqua opportunities or awards.

The recipient of the 2003 Quaqua Protege is eleven-year-old Andrew David Hsu. Anarie White is the recipient of a 2003 Quaqua Talent Award for her musical excellence.

John W. Whitehead and Carol Whitehead recieve Elijah Award

John W. Whitehead, founder and president of The Rutherford Institute, is an attorney and author who has written, debated and practiced widely in the area of constitutional law and human rights. In particular, Mr. Whitehead has acted to provide legal assistance to parents and alternative educators.

John Whitehead was the first person to champion the civil-rights component of the "modern" home-education movement. He was one of the first to understand that the cause of alternative education is based not only upon free-market principles and pedagogical innovation, but also upon a commitment to ensuring legal protection for the fundamental human liberties of all people.

John Whitehead became the first modern "briefcase warrior" for home education, litigating and writing to preserve parental liberty and home education. Many attorneys in other service organizations received their training from The Rutherford Institute. John's innovative legal and institutional paradigm, once the target of great skepticism, now serves as the model for numerous other legal organizations founded after 1982 (both inside and outside of the alternative-education movement).

The Quaqua Society is pleased to honor John and Carol Whitehead with the 2003 Quaqua Elijah Award, in recognition of their innovative approach to defending those liberties which are of such crucial importance to all alternative educators. See the full article on the Elijah Award Recipients page.


On the September 30, 2003 Abrams Report on MSNBC, Dan Witte appeared in a debate to defend the Parental Liberty Doctrine. Dan asserted that parents have a right to exercise control over their child's medical care. Dan Witte regularly participates in a variety of legal and political efforts calculated to advance civil rights and sound public policy.

As is always the case, except where explicitly stated otherwise by Dan or on this web site, Dan Witte's remarks reflect his personal views and do not constitute an official position, statement, or requirement of the Quaqua Society. All segments of the community are welcome to make use of Quaqua resources, educate themselves about the history of the Parental Liberty Doctrine, and use Quaqua's internet legal resources for parents.

Dr. Raymond Moore received his Elijah Award before a sponsoring convention, the 7th Annual Link "Kid Comfortable" Homeschool Conference in Pasadena, California. The Conference was held from May 1-4, and was attended by a roster of well-known alternative educators. One of them, noted home-educator Michael Leppert, presented the Award to Dr. Moore.

In his acceptance address, Dr. Moore remarked that home education had always been around and could be traced back to "Eden." He reflected upon the contributions of John Holt, noting that he and Holt originally had some pronounced differences of opinion about education. Dr. Moore recalled the printing of Moore's 1972 article in Reader's Digest, an event which greatly enhanced public awareness of the alternative-education movement. He also discussed the pioneering effort of Dr. Reid Benson in the 1970's, noting that Dr. Benson's involvement "changed the whole state" of Utah relative to modern acceptance of home education.

Dr. Moore offered attendees some advice. First, relative to the students, "relax, and love them to pieces." His second admonition, the largest applause line of the evening, was to see that there are "no divisions" among alternative educators, and that "everyone work[s] together -- Muslim, Jew, whatever."

Audio tapes of Dr. Moore's address, and of other speakers at the 7th Annual Link "Kid Comfortable" Homeschool Conference, are available from The Link Homeschool Newspaper.

The latest media coverage about the Quaqua Society appeared in a Jennifer Toomer-Cook article, "Home schoolers applaud their own", on page B-1 of the Saturday, April 12, 2003, Deseret News. The Deseret News is one of Utah's two largest daily newspapers.

The Quaqua Society is pleased to announce the addition of a new sponsor. The Springer Company, a Wheaton, Maryland business founded in 1947, has agreed to donate the trophies, gowns, and caps given each year by Quaqua to recipients of the Elijah Award and the Protege Award.

Springer is a supplier of gowns, caps, robes, uniforms, and badges used by home-education graduates, clergy, ushers, judges, schools, and many others. The Springer Company's generous enthusiasm for home education will allow Quaqua to enhance the Quaqua scholarship fund.

The Quaqua Society is pleased to announce that Dr. Raymond Moore will receive his Elijah Award before a sponsoring convention, the 7th Annual Link "Kid Comfortable" Homeschool Conference in Pasadena, California. The Conference will run from May 1-4, Thursday-Sunday, at the Pasadena Hilton Hotel, and will be attended by a roster of well-known alternative educators. Noted home-education writer Mary Leppert will present the Award to Dr. Moore.

The 2002 Quaqua Protege is Benjamin Crowder of Orem, Utah.

Ben Crowder achieved a perfect American College Test score of 36—meaning that he achieved 36 on all four portions of the test as well as a composite mark of 36.  In doing so, Ben ranked at the very top of all ACT takers.

Ben was admitted to Brigham Young University as a Gordon B. Hinckley Presidential Scholar, a prestigious full-tuition recognition bestowed upon only 50 students annually (BYU has around 28,000 students).  After one year of study, he maintained a 3.97 grade point average.  Currently he is taking a two-year hiatus from college to serve a mission in Thailand for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

Although Ben did not participate as a full-time high-school student or obtain a formal high-school degree, he completed enough Advanced Placement credit to enter college as a sophomore.  Some of his many extra-curricular accolades included Sterling Scholar in English, Editor of the Orem High School student newspaper, Utah State Spelling Bee Champion for 1996, and Youth Mayor for Orem City.

Ben avidly studied computer technology.  Since age 8, he has taught himself to be an accomplished computer programmer, software tester, and web architect.  In addition to working for companies such as, NextPage, and Folio, Ben ran his own lucrative computer-consulting business.  He also worked as a paid author and reviewer for the Linux Journal, a computer trade journal with a circulation of 60,000.

Ben’s passions include piano, composing music, and studying foreign languages.  He reads Latin, Coptic, Hebrew, and French, and speaks Thai.  He fancies England and hopes to attend Oxford University for his graduate studies.  His career ambition is to become a college professor of language, history, or philosophy.

In addition to his voracious intellectual drive, Ben is known for his affable, self-effacing personality.  He has earned his Eagle Scout Award, participates in his religious community, and has volunteered time at home-education conventions to help other home-education graduates prepare for the standardized college admissions tests.  

The Quaqua Society is proud to honor Ben as the college-bound student who has best demonstrated the excellence of home education in action during the past year. The Society anticipates that he will continue to make many important contributions to home education and the general society for years to come.

Dr. Raymond Moore and Dorothy Moore (In memoriam 1915 - 2002)

The 2002 Quaqua Elijah Award goes to Dr. Raymond S. Moore and his recently-departed wife, Dorothy Moore.

Dr. Raymond S. Moore was born in Glendale, California, on September 24, 1915. At age four, Raymond lost his devoted mother, Dorcas, to the devastating 1918 flu epidemic.

Dr. Moore attended public and church schools in California. He graduated from Glendale Adventist Academy in 1932, and spent six years at Pacific Union College. His studies were interrupted by a flood that destroyed both his home and his construction business. To persevere through the Great Depression, he worked as a handyman by logging, milking cows, firing boilers, plumbing, and concrete finishing.

Dr. Moore's first teaching experience was in 1933, when he taught remedial English at Pacific Union College during his sophomore year. He graduated and married Dorothy Lucille Nelson in June 1938.

Dorothy Lucille Nelson Moore was born on a farm in Bruce, South Dakota on October 30, 1915. She was a Methodist and Seventh-day Adventist Christian of Norwegian ancestry. She helped her father at his dairy in California almost until she finished at Long Beach California Junior College and went on to Pacific Union College.

Dorothy was California State Spelling Champion and Gregg Shorthand gold medalist. In college she admired Ellen White and became a respected student leader whose first concern was poor or troubled girls.

After graduation and marriage, Dr. Moore pursued a masters degree at the University of Southern California. He taught for two years in the public schools of Artesia, California, and was principal in Hermosa Beach, California from 1940 to 1941. On May 7, 1941, he was called to active duty in the U.S. Army as a second lieutenant medical administrative officer with the Ninth Corps Area Headquarters in San Francisco, California.

Pearl Harbor resulted in a transfer to San Francisco Port of Embarkation Medical Section, where as a Captain over personnel and intelligence matters he worked in the company of a communications officer named Ronald Reagan.

His next assignment was in New Guinea, where he helped build the 47th General Hospital. He subsequently commanded the New Guinea rotation Detachment and Casual Camp, Milne Bay, New Guinea, then was promoted to Major and executive officer in the South Pacific Medical Commander in Lae, New Guinea. He concluded his 58 months of active duty by serving as general staff medical personnel officer for General Douglas MacArthur, the famed home-educated military leader, in Manila, Philippines.

After leaving active duty in March, 1946, Dr. Moore became Superintendent of Schools in Artesia, California. There he was invited to teach at University of Southern California on a doctoral fellowship. After doctoral study in college and university administration and early childhood education, he was called to Pacific Union College in 1947 as head of its graduate teacher-education program. He helped Pacific Union College upgrade and obtain state accreditation.

Dorothy, meanwhile, distinguished herself in public service in California schools as a remedial reading specialist and as a faculty wife at the University of Southern California. She then became a faculty wife and Sabbath School leader at Pacific Union College. Along with her other responsibilities, she reared and educated seven "chosen" teenagers through college.

In 1951 Dorothy moved to Japan with Dr. Moore, only a few years after her husband and brother had fought in the War to defeat Japan. The Moores helped San-Iku Gakuin College achieve status as an accredited, debt-free, senior education institution. The Moores also helped develop an Adventist school system for Japan and Okinawa. They implemented a "work-study-service" plan at the college in which all teachers worked with students, including the family of Senior Prince Takamatsu.

In 1956, Dr. Moore went to Philippine Union College. He later went on to serve as President of Southwestern Union College. His program theme continued to be work-study, debt-freedom, academic standards, social standards, and home education. Dr. Moore also worked to achieve integration of African-American into Southwestern Union College.

Dr. Moore was subsequently called to the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists as one of a team of five to help pioneer what is now known as Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan. In 1960, he went to Loma Linda as corporate vice-president to share leadership in the transition to Loma Linda University. After a years of raising a family in Japan, the Philippines and Washington, D.C., Dorothy became the founding director of the Loma Linda University Cerebral Palsy Clinic in California.

In 1964, Dr. Moore accepted the job of graduate programs officer with the U.S. Department of Education, a position which involved the funding and upgrading of master and doctoral programs of American colleges and universities. He helped colleges and universities save billions of dollars. The White House published two of his books.

After moving on to a stint with UNESCO, Dr. Moore he was invited to be the founding director of the International Advanced Intercultural Study Center. This consortium at the University of Chicago included member institutions such as Johns Hopkins, Southern Illinois, Stanford, Tulane and Wisconsin. The Center studied indigenous people ranging from Native Americans to tribes in Lesotho. Dr. Moore met the prime minister of Lesotho, along with Ghandiàs former secretary and the author of Indonesiaàs new language.

Dr. Raymond and Dorothy Moore worked about 40 years together as leaders, editors, and authors for their research foundations. They helped form the Cedar Springs Foundation, which was later renamed the Hewitt Research Foundation. Since 1983 the Foundation has operated in Washougal, Washington, near the Columbia River. The Moores focused on early childhood education, school entrance age, and teacher-student work-study programs. Along with Raymond, Dorothy served as a pioneer in the resurgence of the old-fashioned home-education phenomenon. Reflects Dr. Moore, "God, with the likes of Reader's Digest, James Dobson, John Holt, Reed Benson, thousands of media, and all of you, turned home education into a giant movement."

The Moores have written numerous books and published articles. Their most famous work, a 1979 Brigham Young University Press book entitled School Can Wait, was written during this period. This book is a classic must-read for scholars of the alternative-education movement. Raymond's authorship credits include thirty-five college texts.

Beginning in 1983, Dorothy headed a team of carefully selected educational counselors who fulfilled the dream of helping families educate their own children legally. The Moores set up individualized programs for each child enrolled, creating units of study tailored to the child's interests, aptitudes and abilities. Now known as the Raymond S. and Dorothy N. Moore Foundation in Washougal, Washington, their program works with hundreds of families every year and has formed the basis for a "Malachi Movement" stressing family togetherness and work-study-service balance in schools. The goal of the organization is to make schools, churches and families more creative, efficient and debt-free in health, education, welfare and service to their communities.

When Dorothy passed away in 2002, after a lifetime of service, alternative educators around the world lauded her contribution. We knew her voice could never be fully replaced. "I thank God, my Master Teacher," said Dr. Moore, "for giving me a special lady for 64 years who walked at my side during half of those homeschool years through sunshine and storm."

In her absence, and with the help of a new wife who "selflessly" assists him, Raymond continues to be a tireless, progressive force in alternative education. His profound reservoir of professional, cultural, religious, educational, and intellectual experience continues to inform and enrich the alternative-education movement.

For all of this, and more (no pun intended), the Quaqua Society is very pleased to present the 2002 Quaqua Elijah Award to honor Dr. Raymond and Dorothy Moore.

Biographical sketches for the Moores were drawn from the Raymond S. and Dorothy N. Moore Foundation memorial page, the Raymond S. and Dorothy N. Moore Foundation biographical sketch of the Moores, and electronic mail provided by Pat Wolfswinkel of the Raymond S. and Dorothy N. Moore Foundation.


Inaugural Award Presentations

Quaqua was pleased to present its inaugural 2001 Protege Award and 2001 Elijah Award during the weekend of June 7-8, 2002, in Salt Lake City, Utah, the recent host site for the 2002 Winter Olympics. The recipient of the 2001 Quaqua Protege Award was Indian-American wunderkind George Abraham Thampy of Maryland Heights, Missouri. George, an Evangelical Christian and Boy Scout, recently placed first in a national spelling bee and second in a national geography bee. The recipients of the 2001 Elijah Award were Dr. Reed A. Benson and his wife May Hinckley Benson, for their pioneering work in studying home education and protecting the viability of the movement in the Intermountain West. 

The Utah Home Education Association and the Latter-Day Saint Home Educators Association conventions were held at the University of Utah and Thanksgiving Point, Utah, respectively.  Quaqua wishes to thank all volunteers and organizations that assisted in recognizing these outstanding achievements. As recounted in the Frequently Asked Questions page of this website (under "What is the history of Quaqua?"), these events represent the exciting culmination of a dream pursued since 1991.

Extended Biographies of Quaqua Award Recipients

Below are the more extended biographies of Quaqua's awards recipients:

Photo: Mark Bowen/Scripps
Howard National Spelling BeeThe 2001 Quaqua Protege is George Abraham Thampy of Maryland Heights, Missouri.

Full Story Story & Photo During the summer of 2000 George electrified the nation by taking first place in the Scripps Howard National Spelling Bee and second place in the National Geographic Geography Bee (he participated as Missouri State Geography Bee Champion). His unusual double play received widespread attention from the major news media outlets, particularly since two other home-educated students placed second and third behind George in the spelling bee. George's accomplishment helped to substantially increase the general public's awareness about the benefits of home education.

George has many other less-publicized achievements. He took first place in the St. Louis Chess Competition for the "9th Grade and Under" category, earned magna cum laude honors by attaining a perfect score on the 2001-2001 National Latin Exam, and took a 560 verbal and 510 mathematics score on the SAT while in seventh grade. As a member of Boy Scout Troop 529, George has already achieved the rank of Life Scout and served as Assistant Senior Patrol Leader.

A Christian of Asian-Indian heritage, George has served as an usher, Sunday School teacher, and youth-group leader for the First Evangelical Free Church of Manchester, Missouri. After studying at home from kindergarten through eighth grade, George now attends the Westminster Christian Academy in St. Louis, Missouri. He is a participant of the Duke University Talent Identification Program and hopes to eventually complete a graduate degree in medicine.

In response to the Quaqua honor, George stated: "Thank you very much for an opportunity to represent home school students. I am very happy to receive the annual Quaqua award."

The Quaqua Society is proud to honor George as the college-bound student who has best demonstrated the excellence of home education in action during the past year. The Society anticipates that he will continue to make many important contributions to home education and the general society for years to come.

The 2001 Elijah Award was presented to Dr. Reed A. Benson and his wife, May Hinckley Benson.

Dr. Reed A. Benson is a professor in the Ancient Scripture Department at Brigham Young University and teaches a thousand students a semester. He has written for a national news magazine, lectured widely, and participated in numerous TV interviews and press conferences. A former Air Force Chaplain during the Korean War, he was the President of the Kentucky, Louisville Mission. He served as Branch President in Oxford, England and in the Israel District Presidency. The eldest son of President and Mrs. Ezra Taft Benson, he is the father of nine children and grandfather to twenty-four. He is the author of the first dissertation in the nation on home education, which is still in print. He has consistently lent his influence to support home education during its critical years of development in the western United States.

May Hinckley Benson was honored as Homeschooling Mother of the Year in 2000. She completed studies at the University of Utah, University of Maryland, and Cornell. With a great display of courage, she successfully home-educated her nine adopted children for fifteen years during the early days of the modern home-education movement. She is a popular speaker and pioneer in the home education movement who has consistently lent her voice of experience and support. Both Reed and May are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

The Quaqua Society is both proud and grateful to honor the Bensons for their profound contribution to the home-education community. They have been instrumental in helping Utah to have, at least to this point, one of the most progressive environments for home education to be found anywhere in the nation. Their tireless and uncompensated service has touched thousands of lives. They will never be forgotten.

Biographical sketches for the Bensons were drawn from


Quaqua Begins Operations

The Quaqua Society is, after a great deal of hard work and consultation with home educators around the world, beginning its operations in the State of Utah. For tax reasons, Quaqua will be incorporated under Utah law in early 2002.

Quaqua is designed to serve and include alternative educators from around the world, and is not a "Utah" organization per se. However, Utah's tradition of alternative education does afford an attractive legal, historical, and cultural environment for the situs of Quaqua's incorporation.

The Quaqua Society celebrates the new, prosperous era enjoyed by most home educators in the United States in the wake of Troxel v. Granville, 99-138 (2000), a landmark Supreme-Court parental-rights decision. Quaqua is the first scholarship and awards program of any kind open to all alternative educators throughout the United States (not to mention throughout the world). Quaqua is also the first, and only, scholarship and awards program for alternative educators which is at once tax-exempt, charitable, merit-based, procedurally controlled, participatory, and free from any eligibility restrictions based upon geographic locale, demographic characteristics, or organizational affiliation.

We are proud of our unique organizational design, which helps address a previously unmet need in our diverse community. We are excited about our opportunity to showcase the excellence of alternative educators around the world.